Frequently asked questions

Because the pendulum of Spalding’s personality swung across such a wide arc which contained contradictions, falsities, deception, kindness, gentleness, selfishness, generosity, anger, hatred and love for his fellowman (as well as combinations of these), it is very difficult to present a comprehensive picture of him. The shortest, and probably the most effective, description of him is that he was fantastic – and fabulous.

David Bruton

Who was Baird T Spalding?

Baird Thomas Spalding is the nom de plume of Bayard Spaulding*, an American writer born in 1872 in Cohocton, New York. Spalding self-published Life and Teaching of the Masters of the Far East in 1924 which told of a fantastic research expedition to India and Tibet in the 1890’s that witnessed masters who could perform miraculous feats, imparting simple spiritual truths in a format which appealed to Western audiences.

Spalding’s first book was republished by DeVorss & Co and became a runaway hit, selling many thousands of copies and leading Spalding on lecture tours across America. Spalding continue to write three more volumes of Life and Teaching, and led a small group of followers to India in 1935. He died in 1953 in Arizona at the age of 80.

Spalding’s books and his publisher say he was born in the 1850’s in England, and his father/grandfather was from India. What’s your source for saying otherwise?

Baird T Spalding’s family history has been published here, taken from authoritative sources such as passport records, the US census and Spaulding family obituaries and they are unequivocal.

Spalding had no family connection to India, but he did have a lifelong penchant for tall tales. The biography and timeline provided in the books and on the DeVorss & Co website is primarily based on those tales and is mostly fictional, just like Spalding’s nom de plume.

Are the books fiction or non-fiction? Did Spalding actually go to India in 1894?

Many readers are disappointed when they learn that Spalding did not go to India in 1894, and there was no research expedition as described in Life and Teaching. Spalding was only 22 years old in 1894, and he spent most of the 1890’s in the Yukon mining for gold. Spalding’s first visit to India was in 1935 at the behest of his publisher, after the release of Life and Teaching Volume 3.

Presenting fictional material of a spiritual nature in the style of scientific expeditions to distant lands and discoveries of rare documents was a popular genre around the turn of the century (see Nicholas Notovitch and Edmund Bordeaux Szekely for similar examples). Life and Teaching is a work of fiction in the genre of magical autobiography.

Spalding was a fascinating man who freely mixed fact and fiction in his life, telling stories that varied from one telling to the next. Many of the incredible stories surrounding Spalding were told in a way that helped people to comprehend the spiritual content of his books.

Can I get a map of Spalding’s travels through India, or the names of his companions? What about the location or photographs of the Temple Of Silence, the Healing Temple, or the Temple Of The Great Tau?

Unfortunately, since Spalding did not travel to India as described in Life and Teaching, there is no map, photographs or further information available. Astute readers may notice the books lack any detailed information about locations or people that is typical of scientific expeditions. The journey, researchers and the temples existed only in Spalding’s imagination.

Spalding’s books and his publisher say he studied at Berkeley, Stanford, Columbia and the University of Heidelberg. Is that true?

Spalding did make those claims, but there are no records of him studying at Berkeley, Stanford or Columbia according to University registrars. Since Spalding did not travel to Germany, it is highly unlikely he studied at the University of Heidelberg.

Where did the spiritual content of the books come from?

Much of the content of Life and Teaching was inspired by the New Thought movement. Spalding was a member of a New Thought group in San Francisco during the early 1920’s when he wrote Life and Teaching Volume One and the first chapters of the book were published in the groups magazine. His wife Stella Spalding was an intelligent, University educated woman who helped Spalding greatly when writing the books. Spalding’s publisher Doug DeVorss was raised  in the Unity Church, a New Thought group, and it is likely he had input on the later volumes of Life and Teaching.

Spalding was a wealthy man, wasn’t he? Didn’t he own several gold mines?

Spalding was mechanically inclined, and worked as a mining engineer in Alaska, Montana and California for much of his early life. Although he was involved in several mining ventures, none were particularly successful and at least two of them ended up bankrupt or in legal troubles. It appears that his primary income from the 1930’s until his death in 1953 was income from book sales. He died with few assets to his name.

What about Spalding’s relationships with famous scientists and artists like Einstein, Tesla, Charles Proteus Steinmetz and Cecil B DeMille?

Most of the people named have been covered extensively by biographers, and there are historical archives of their correspondence and diaries. Spalding isn’t mentioned in them, or the connections are extremely tenuous. Many of these claims can again be chalked up to Spalding’s penchant for tall tales.

Did Spalding write any other books?

No. Life and Teaching Volumes 1-4 were his only works. Volumes 5 and 6 were published posthumously by DeVorss from articles Spalding wrote for Mind Magazine and from collected notes of the India Tour in 1935.

The Vietnamese book Journey to the East (Hanh Trinh Ve Phuong Dong) by Nguyen Phong which claims to be a translation of a Spalding book written in 1924 is a work of fiction written in the 1970’s by the pseudonymous Nguyen Phong.

If all these stories about Spalding aren’t true and his books were fiction, why bother with the research on this website?

Despite his love for tall tales, Spalding was a fascinating man, and the story of how he managed to enchant people with his books and lectures is one worth telling. Although he battled his own personal demons for many years, Spalding had a positive influence on many readers, and his books remaining in print nearly sixty years after his death is a testament to their appeal.

In the years since his death, and despite the lack of supporting evidence for his stories, Spalding has become an important influence on alternative religions and New Age thought in general. This website examines Spalding from a cultural, historical and anthropological point of view, celebrating the life of a man who achieved immortality in print far beyond his wildest dreams. In the spirit of the Native American trickster legends, Spalding challenges readers to think outside normal religious beliefs, with a sparkle in his eye that reminds you that truth is often far stranger than fiction.

*A note on names. For clarity, the website refers to Baird Spalding by that name, even though he was born as Bayard Spaulding. Members of his family are referred to with the Spaulding surname.

Last updated: January 2010


106 Responses to “Frequently asked questions”

  1. sheila peterson says:

    DearTodd, Jeanne Ryan reported 0n February 24th, 2013, an older comment this trail of comments, that her friend came across volume 1 and 111 of Mr. Spalding’s “Life and Teachings of the Masters of the Far East” and that inside Volume 111 there are two newspaper clippings and two handwritten letters by Mr. Spalding to a Miss Goldie Worthley.

    Jeanne Ryan, further detailed that one letter was written on Seattle Hotel Mayflower letterhead, dated March 21st, 1936 and the other on a ship letterhead stationary, from the S.S. Naldera, Hong Kong, China, dated March 21, 1936, the contents of these letters being about when Mr. Spalding would be in Seattle again.

    You confirmed that Mr. Spalding did indeed land in Seattle on April 21st, 1936 and that a Miss. Goldie Worthley (1885-1971) was listed in the 1940 census.

    You admitted in your post on February 24th, 2013, 3:01 p.m., earlier above, replying to Miss Jeanne Ryan, that this information was new and showed much interest in obtaining copies of such c clippings and letters.

    My question is: did you in fact get copies of such clippings and letters handwritten by Mr. Spalding on said stationary???
    My comment is: if indeed Mr. Spalding was in China at the said time and you said you didn’t know this, just as well that he could have been in India earlier and you just don”t know either.

    If you took the time to declare Mr. Spalding claims of being on expeditions in India as lies, then you should now take the time to tell us if he was indeed in China and you didn’t find records of this before either.


  2. sheila peterson says:

    I challenge you, Todd, to make clear, how your research shows that for sure that Mr. Baird T. Spalding was not in India before writing his books, especially since he only applied for an American passport after his 63 years of age. He never had a birth certificate or baptism paper.

    His father, Baird T. Spalding 11, and his Grandfather Spalding 1, as reported did come from India.
    I living on a small Caribbean island together with people from approx. 150 nations, know first hand about people traveling undocumented on so called “banana boats” even now and some older ones in my lifetime having no birth certificate and even having to obtain a passport later in life by grace of kind hearted officials, even in land they were not born.

    You do as if, you can know for sure the movements of an undocumented person’s travels in the early 1900’s. Let me assure you Todd, as personal friend of several undocumented persons up to this day, you cannot know for sure, not even in your so called great country of America in the early 1900’s.

  3. sheila peterson says:

    And Todd, even on the subject of traveling legally; on our little 37 square miles, half Dutch, half French island with passports just as sophisticated as American passports, there are older folks who have passports from two different countries and travel on one passport or the other depending where they are traveling to. So again, please explain how you know for sure that Mr. Baird never was in India before writing his books????

    After all, his grandfather was from there. sheila.

  4. todd says:

    Sheila, thanks for your comments.

    There is no doubt that Baird went to India in the 1930’s with a tour group of his followers, and it is well documented with his passport, customs records, photos etc. However, it is the original claimed trip in the 1890’s that is the subject of his Life and Teachings books, and there is simply nothing to support that the 1890’s trip ever happened. Consider that it is Baird’s own passport application (co-signed by his brother) in 1935 in which he acknowledged that he was born in upstate NY in 1872, not elsewhere in the 1850’s as claimed in his books. Baird’s publisher also knew this, because he signed Baird’s death certificate in 1953, which also shows he was born in NY in 1872.

    Tracing Baird’s family history from New York shows no connection to India – all of the stories about Indian relatives are just stories that helped promote Baird’s larger than life personality. As I am (slowly) working on Baird’s biography, it’s important that I acknowledge both Baird’s writings and the historical facts as I uncover them. I realize this is uncomfortable for some people, but the books are no less relevant in my opinion, and that of many commenters here.

    I do know exactly where Baird was in the 1890’s when he claimed to be in India – he was a young man in the Yukon mining during the Gold Rush, and this is covered extensively in a rare autobiography which devotes a long chapter to our beloved Mr Spalding. I hope to post more on it soon. There is a copy in the Seattle library if you happen to be in this area.

  5. george says:

    recently came across this site again today via viewing the wikipedia entry on spalding. i have vol 1 sitting on the bookshelf behind me, which i stopped reading halfway through on account of finding this site.

    the last time i read the wikipedia entry a number of years ago, there was a quote/story by someone who knew spalding personally and asked him why he told people he was in India when it was pretty clear he wasn’t. his reply was something along the lines of i didnt travel there physically, but rather through astral projection. this paragraph is now missing. at that time i interpreted this as him being a complete fruitloop, but these days i’m not so sure (something something quantum physics).

  6. todd says:

    Thanks for your comment George. It appears someone edited that note out of Wikipedia. The source was the notebooks of Paul Brunton Vol 16, and the exact quote is below. Brunton is referring to Spalding’s ill-fated 1936 trip to India with his followers. You can read more about Brunton at

    “(Spalding) attached himself, with a party of fourteen disciples, to me for a couple of weeks when he discovered that I was in India at the time. I pointed out to him that his descriptions of the Masters did not tally with the facts as some of us knew them. He finally admitted that the books dealt with visits made in his astral body, not in his physical body as readers were led to believe.”

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